Energy Losses in Piping Elements
(FM-003)

1 Base Frame 2 Hose Connection, Water Inlet 3 Hose Connection, Water Outlet 4 Pipe Elbow 5 Rounded Pipe Elbow 6 Tight Radius Pipe Bend 7 Large Radius Pipe Bend 8 Enlarger 9 Reducer 10 ball Valve 11 6 tube Manometer 12 Pressure gauge (burdon tube) 13 Circular Chamber with Measuring Gland 14 PVC Hose with Plug-In Connector

  • Determination of Valve characteristics
  • Stand characteristics curve
  • Pipe flow with friction
  • Resistance coefficient of special pipelines
  • Change in Cross section area
  • Pipe type
    • PVC 1/2 inch
  • Pipe elements dimension and types on experimental head loss
    • Sudden contraction from d1= 25 mm to d2= 16 mm
    • Sudden enlargement from d1 = 16 to d2= 25 mm
    • Segment bend inside diameter d=17 m , angle = 90 degree
    • Pipe angle inside diameter d= 16 , angle = 90 degree
    • Narrow pipe bend inside diameter d= 12 mm , r=40 mm , angle = 90 degree
    • Wide pipe bend inside diameter d= 16mm , r=120 mm , angle = 90 degree
  • Manometers unit
    • 10 tube manometers
    • 300 mwc
  • Pressure gauges
    • Burdon tube
    • 0…..2.5 bar
    • 2.5 inch
  • Annular chamber for pressure measurement
  • Energy Losses in Piping Elements (FM - 003)
  • Hard copy user manual

The educational unit is designed to investigate and visualize the pressure losses in pipe elements. The unit can be used to assess how different pipe geometries affect the flow.

                                     
  • The energy loss in fittings apparatus consists of a series of fittings, a flow control valve, 10 tube manometers for displaying pressures, a pressure gauge , and an air-bleed valve.
  • The fittings: long bend, area enlargement, area contraction, elbow, short bend , and ball valve are connected in a series configuration and will be examined for their head loss coefficient. 
  • The experimental unit is positioned easily and securely on the work surface of the main hydraulic unit.
  • The water is supplied and the flow rate is measured by the main hydraulic unit.