Energy Losses in Piping Elements
(FM-003)

1 Base Frame 2 Hose Connection, Water Inlet 3 Hose Connection, Water Outlet 4 Pipe Elbow 5 Rounded Pipe Elbow 6 Tight Radius Pipe Bend 7 Large Radius Pipe Bend 8 Enlarger 9 Reducer 10 ball Valve 11 6 tube Manometer 12 Pressure gauge (burdon tube) 13 Circular Chamber with Measuring Gland 14 PVC Hose with Plug-In Connector

  • Determination of Valve characteristics
  • Stand characteristics curve
  • Pipe flow with friction
  • Resistance coefficient of special pipelines
  • Change in Cross section area
  • Pipe type
    • PVC 1/2 inch
  • Pipe elements dimension and types on experimental head loss
    • Sudden contraction from d1= 25 mm to d2= 16 mm
    • Sudden enlargement from d1 = 16 to d2= 25 mm
    • Segment bend inside diameter d=17 m , angle = 90 degree
    • Pipe angle inside diameter d= 16 , angle = 90 degree
    • Narrow pipe bend inside diameter d= 12 mm , r=40 mm , angle = 90 degree
    • Wide pipe bend inside diameter d= 16mm , r=120 mm , angle = 90 degree
  • Manometers unit
    • 10 tube manometers
    • 300 mwc
  • Pressure gauges
    • Burdon tube
    • 0…..2.5 bar
    • 2.5 inch
  • Annular chamber for pressure measurement
  • Energy Losses in Piping Elements (FM - 003)
  • Hard copy user manual

The educational unit (FM-003) is designed to investigate and visualize the pressure losses in pipe elements. The unit can be used to assess how different pipe geometries affect the flow.

  • The energy loss in fittings apparatus consists of a series of fittings, a flow control valve, 10 tube manometers for displaying pressures, a pressure gauge , and an air-bleed valve.
  • The fittings: long bend, area enlargement, area contraction, elbow, short bend , and ball valve are connected in a series configuration and will be examined for their head loss coefficient. 
  • The experimental unit is positioned easily and securely on the work surface of the main hydraulic unit.
  • The water is supplied and the flow rate is measured by the main hydraulic unit.