Pipe Friction for Laminar /Turblent Flow
(FM-014)

1 Tank 2 Overflow 3 Pressure gauges 4 High- and low-pressure gauges connection ports 5 Manometers vent valves 6 Manometers 7 High- and low-manometers connection ports 8 Drain port 9 Low pressure measuring point 10 Experimental (Test) pipe 11 Schematic diagrams 12 High pressure measuring point 13 Distribution block 14 Flow from main unit to the test section inlet valve 15 Flow from tank to the test section inlet valve 16 Flow from main unit to the tank inlet valve

  • Studying the effect of friction on pressure and measuring the pressure loss in laminar and turbulent flow.
  • Comparison between pressure losses in laminar and turbulent flow due to friction.
  • Determination of the critical Reynolds number.
  • Studying the relationship between Reynolds number and the type of flow.
  • Demonstration of theoretical friction coefficient factor comparing to actual friction factor.
  • Calculation of the pipe friction factor.
  • Pipe
    • D= 3mm
    • Length = 600 mm
  • Transparent Tank with overflow
    • Volume = 4 liter
  • Dial gauge manometer range
    • 0 … 2.5bar
    • Flanged 2.5 inch
  • Twin tube manometers
    • 0 … 370 mmwc (each)
  • Flow rate control valves
    • Ball valves: 1/4 inch
  • Pipe Friction for Laminar / Turblent Flow (FM - 014)
  • Hard copy user manual

The pipe friction for laminar/ turbulent flow is a benchtop unit that is used to investigate pipe frictional losses with laminar and turbulent flows and allows determining the pipe friction coefficient factor.

                                     
  • The pipe section is a pipe with an internal diameter of 5 mm.
  • The distance between the pressure measuring fittings and thus the length of the experimental pipe section is 600 mm.
  • The pressure losses for laminar flow are measured using a water manometer.
  • The static pressure difference is displayed. A head tank is available to create a laminar flow and ensures a constant water inlet pressure in the pipe section at a constant water level.
  • For turbulent flow, the pressure difference is measured using a dial manometer. The head tank is not used to create a turbulent flow.
  • The experimental unit is positioned easily and securely on the work surface of the Main Hydraulic Unit that acts as the supply of water to the unit.
  • The water is fed directly into the pipe section from the water supply via a bypass.
  • The flow is adjusted using shut-off valves at the beginning and end of the pipe.