5 degree of freedom robot arm training system is designed in order to illustrate the operation of the most common used applications in the industrial robotics field such as pick and place application. Pick and place application is most common in industrial robotics as it’s used in so many industrial applications such as cars industry, heavy equipment industries, ceramics, metallics industries and even more.Using this training system allows trainees to program and test robotic arms enabling them to get a comprehensive knowledge regarding these systems. the system provides an open-source collaborative 5-axis robot system as trainees have an access to the controller I/O ports and hence to the software interface has many options (G-Code – Python – MATLAB) editing area.
- Five-axis robots are a type of articulated robot. Their configuration consists of the typical industrial robot design in which a robotic manipulator is attached to a rotating base. Five-axis robots consist of five motors, two of which are located in the upper arm to allow for greater motion of the end-effector. Each axis is responsible for a specific movement, which are defined as the following for a five-axis robot:
- Axis One - Axis one is located in the robot base. This axis controls the left to right movement of the robotic manipulator allowing for a complete 180 degrees of movement from the center point. Axis one is responsible for moving objects along a straight line.
- Axis Two - Axis two is located in the lower arm of a robot. It controls the arm’s forward and backwards extensions. Axis two gives robots the ability to lift objects and move them along the x and y planes.
- Axis Three - Axis three connects the lower and upper arm together. It allows for expanded vertical reach by controlling the raising and lowering of the upper robot arm. Axis three can operate along the x, y, and z planes, making parts more accessible to the robot.
- Axis Four - Axis four is located in the upper robot arm. This axis makes changing part orientations possible through rolling wrist motions. These motions happen when axis four rotates the upper robot arm in a circular path, allowing the end-effector to adjust part positioning.
- Axis Five - Axis five is also located in the upper robot arm and works in conjunction with axis four for controlling the movement of the end of arm tooling. This axis produces the pitch and yaw movements of a robot’s tooling.
- The system enables trainees to program more applications and expand control on the movement of the industrial robot and its related technologies using G-Code, Python, or MATLAB.